The benefit of democracy in the greek society

People of ages 18 and over can vote for their representatives.

athenian assembly

Read about the evidence Demosthenes Dem. All citizens have to take part in government. No office appointed by lot could be held twice by the same individual.

Characteristics of athenian democracy

However, accounts of the rise of democratic institutions are in reference to Athens, since only this city-state had sufficient historical records to speculate on the rise and nature of Greek democracy. During the period of holding a particular office, everyone on the team would be observing everybody else as a sort of check. Aristotle points to other cities that adopted governments in the democratic style. However, there were officials, such as the nine archons, who while seemingly a board carried out very different functions from each other. During that year, they were responsible for making new laws and controlled all parts of the political process. They were elected, and even foreigners such as Domitian and Hadrian held the office as a mark of honour. Modern representative democracies, in contrast to direct democracies, have citizens who vote for representatives who create and enact laws on their behalf. You must also be a registered Canadian citizen to vote.

When it is a question of settling private disputes, everyone is equal before the law; when it is a question of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, what counts is not membership of a particular class, but the actual ability which the man possesses.

In the 5th century BC, there is often a record of the assembly sitting as a court of judgment itself for trials of political importance and it is not a coincidence that 6, is the number both for the full quorum for the assembly and for the annual pool from which jurors were picked for particular trials.

The benefit of democracy in the greek society

Read about the evidence Aeschines Aeschin. The problem with the growth in wealth and power that their democratic system brought to the Athenians led them to over-estimate their reach, and to under-estimate the risks. And they could also be removed from office at any time that the assembly met. For example, two men have clashed in the assembly about a proposal put by one of them; it passes, and now the two of them go to court with the loser in the assembly prosecuting both the law and its proposer. The victorious Roman general, Publius Cornelius Sulla , left the Athenians their lives and did not sell them into slavery; he also restored the previous government, in 86 BC. For the reason that there was democracy, people couldn't just be a leader, they had to be elected by the citizens first. A chairman for each tribe was chosen by lot each day, who was required to stay in the tholos for the next 24 hours, presiding over meetings of the Boule and Assembly. If there weren't exactly citizens, the police would round up more people. This expression encapsulated the right of citizens to take the initiative to stand to speak in the assembly, to initiate a public lawsuit that is, one held to affect the political community as a whole , to propose a law before the lawmakers, or to approach the council with suggestions. Athenians selected for office served as teams boards, panels. There were no lawyers as such; litigants acted solely in their capacity as citizens. What is the process of Democracy? As the system evolved, the last function was shifted to the law courts.

Instead of seeing it as a fair system under which everyone has equal rights, they regarded it as manifestly unjust. Unlike the ekklesia, the boule met every day and did most of the hands-on work of governance. His officeholding was rather an expression and a result of the influence he wielded.

Athenian democracy timeline

Any proposal to modify an existing law had to be accompanied by a proposed replacement law. In ancient Athens, you had to be a citizen to vote. It was not anymore only one of the many possible ways in which political rule could be organised in a polity: it became the only possible political system in an egalitarian society. Conflict Between Farmers and Aristocrats : With the rise of the hoplite , non-equestrian, non-aristocratic army, ordinary citizens of Athens could become valued members of society if they had enough wealth to provide themselves the body armor needed to fight in the phalanx. It lets us vote for people who can represent us in a respectful way. Though there might be blocs of opinion, sometimes enduring, on important matters, there were no political parties and likewise no government or opposition as in the Westminster system. The ancient Greeks have provided us with fine art, breath-taking temples, timeless theatre , and some of the greatest philosophers, but it is democracy which is, perhaps, their greatest and most enduring legacy. Today, democracy prevents people for just becoming leader of the people, just because of their family history. Women were citizens, but without political rights, so they could not vote. Unlike office holders magistrates , who could be impeached and prosecuted for misconduct, the jurors could not be censured, for they, in effect, were the people and no authority could be higher than that.

They were elected, and even foreigners such as Domitian and Hadrian held the office as a mark of honour. The powers of officials were precisely defined and their capacity for initiative limited.

athenian democracy vs american democracy
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Ancient Greek Democracy